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J Fluency Disord. 2014 Mar;39:34-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jfludis.2013.10.001. Epub 2013 Oct 24.

Stuttering attitudes of students: Professional, intracultural, and international comparisons.

Author information

1
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA. Electronic address: kstlouis@wvu.edu.
2
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
3
Minot State University, Minot, ND, USA.
4
University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD, USA.
5
Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA.
6
Touro College, New York, NY, USA.
7
Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The study sought to identify major-specific, training, and cultural factors affecting attitudes toward stuttering of speech-language pathology (SLP) students.

METHOD:

Eight convenience samples of 50 students each from universities in the USA and Poland filled out the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (POSHA-S) in English or Polish, respectively. USA samples included undergraduate and graduate students in SLP majors or non-SLP majors as well as a sample of non-SLP students who were Native Americans. Polish samples included SLP (logopedics), psychology, and mixed majors.

RESULTS:

SLP students held more positive attitudes than non-SLP students in both countries. Graduate students held more positive attitudes than undergraduate students in the USA, and this effect was stronger for SLP than for non-SLP students. Native American students' stuttering attitudes were similar to other American non-SLP students' attitudes. Polish student attitudes were less positive overall than those of their American student counterparts.

CONCLUSION:

SLP students' attitudes toward stuttering are affected by a "halo effect" of being in that major, by specific training in fluency disorders, and by various cultural factors, yet to be clearly understood.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES:

The reader will be able to: (a) describe major factors affecting SLP students' attitudes toward stuttering; (b) describe similarities and differences in attitudes toward stuttering of students from the USA and Poland; (c) describe similarities and differences in attitudes toward stuttering of Native American students from the USA and non-Native American students.

KEYWORDS:

Native American; Poland; Public attitudes; Students; Stuttering

PMID:
24759192
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfludis.2013.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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