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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 May 28;6(10):7596-606. doi: 10.1021/am404508t. Epub 2014 May 5.

Porous spherical carbon/sulfur nanocomposites by aerosol-assisted synthesis: the effect of pore structure and morphology on their electrochemical performance as lithium/sulfur battery cathodes.

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The Pennsylvania State University , Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, United States.


Porous spherical carbons (PSCs) with tunable pore structure (pore volume, pore size, and surface area) were prepared by an aerosol-assisted process. PSC/sulfur composites (PSC/S, S: ca.59 wt %) were then made and characterized as cathodes in lithium/sulfur batteries. The relationships between the electrochemical performance of PSC/S composites and their pore structure and particle morphology were systematically investigated. PSC/S composite cathodes with large pore volume (>2.81 cm(3)/g) and pore size (>5.10 nm) were found to exhibit superior electrochemical performance, likely due to better mass transport in the cathode. In addition, compared with irregularly shaped carbon/sulfur composite, the spherical shaped PSC/S composite showed better performance due to better electrical contact among the particles.


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