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J Oral Pathol Med. 1989 May;18(5):264-73.

Patterns of expression of intermediate filaments in ameloblastoma and human fetal tooth germ.

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Department of Pathology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


Monoclonal antibodies (Mab) were used to study the expression of cytokeratins and vimentin in various histological types of ameloblastoma and in human fetal tooth germ. The ameloblastoma and the tooth germ epithelia showed characteristics of both simple glandular and stratified squamous epithelial cells. Cytokeratin No. 18 was detected focally in most ameloblastomas studied but not in fetal odontogenic epithelia. Cytokeratins Nos. 8 and 19 were expressed in all epithelial elements of ameloblastomas and tooth germs. Only two tumors showed focally characteristics of keratinizing epithelia also seen in dental lamina but not in the enamel organ. All tumors except the granular cell ameloblastoma showed a variable coexpression of vimentin and cytokeratins in their neoplastic epithelia. A similar coexpression was detected in the stellate reticulum cells of the developing tooth. Ameloblastoma and human tooth germ epithelia share complex pattern of cytokeratin polypeptides together with coexpression of vimentin. The results strongly support the theory that ameloblastomas are of odontogenic origin and not direct derivatives of basal cells of oral epithelium or epidermis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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