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BMC Public Health. 2014 Apr 23;14:391. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-391.

Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study.

Author information

1
Prince Mutaib Chair for Biomarkers of Osteoporosis, Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P,O, Box, 2455, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. aldaghri2011@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In this observational study, we aimed to see whether transition in Saudi students entering university life could be a breeding stage for cardiometabolic risk factor emergence and clustering.

METHODS:

A total of 1878 apparently healthy Saudi students of the Preparatory Year, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA (1112 men and 766 women) spanning 2 academic years were included. They were divided into 2 groups based on the validated perceived stress test (PST). Anthropometrics were obtained and fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of fasting blood glucose and a lipid profile.

RESULTS:

PST score (>27) considered indicative of stress was noted in 44.4% of students. The prevalence of this score was higher in women than in men (49.7% versus 40.7%). The prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia was significantly higher in men than women (pā€‰<ā€‰0.01), and this was even more apparent among stressed men, who had a significantly higher prevalence of all the above cardiometabolic factors than the non-stressed ones (pā€‰<ā€‰0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Perceived stress is alarmingly high among Saudi students entering universities. This study sheds light on the social responsibility of universities in promoting a healthy lifestyle, particularly in this age group, when exposure to different kinds of stressors may result in body weight and metabolic changes.

PMID:
24755010
PMCID:
PMC3998220
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-14-391
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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