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J Appl Microbiol. 2014 Jul;117(1):208-16. doi: 10.1111/jam.12499. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

Lactobacillus salivarius Ren prevent the early colorectal carcinogenesis in 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-induced rat model.

Author information

1
Beijing Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China; Beijing Higher Institution Engineering Research Centre of Animal Product, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

AIMS:

The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of Lactobacillus salivarius Ren (LS) on modulating colonic micro flora structure and influencing host colonic health in a rat model with colorectal precancerous lesions.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Male F344 rats were injected with 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and treated with LS of two doses (5 × 10(8) and 1 × 10(10) CFU kg(-1) body weight) for 15 weeks. The colonic microflora profiles, luminal metabolites, epithelial proliferation and precancerous lesions [aberrant crypt foci (ACF)] were determined. A distinct segregation of colonic microflora structures was observed in LS-treated group. The abundance of one Prevotella-related strain was increased, and the abundance of one Bacillus-related strain was decreased by LS treatment. These changes were accompanied by increased short-chain fatty acid levels and decreased azoreductase activity. LS treatment also reduced the number of ACF by c. 40% and suppressed epithelial proliferation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lactobacillus salivarius Ren improved the colonic microflora structures and the luminal metabolisms in addition preventing the early colorectal carcinogenesis in DMH-induced rat model.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

Colonic microflora is an important factor in colorectal carcinogenesis. Modulating the structural shifts of microflora may provide a novel option for preventing colorectal carcinogenesis. This study suggested a potential probiotic-based approach to modulate the intestinal microflora in the prevention of colorectal carcinogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

aberrant crypt foci; colorectal cancer; denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; intestinal microflora; probiotic; short-chain fatty acids

PMID:
24754742
DOI:
10.1111/jam.12499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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