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J Sex Med. 2014 Apr;11(4):1042-1046. doi: 10.1111/jsm.12454. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

Impact of iron supplementation on sexual dysfunction of women with iron deficiency anemia in short term: a preliminary study.

Author information

1
Department of Family MedicinePublic Health Institution of TurkeyKonyaTurkey.
2
Department of UrologyHarran University School of MedicineSanliurfaTurkey. Electronic address: yigitakin@yahoo.com.
3
Department of UrologyAntalya Training and Research HospitalAntalyaTurkey.
4
Department of UrologyHarran University School of MedicineSanliurfaTurkey.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common micronutrient deficiency worldwide. It is an important health problem especially in women of reproductive age. IDA may cause anxiety, which is the major factor for female sexual dysfunction (FSD).

AIM:

The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of IDA on FSD in women of reproductive age.

METHODS:

In total, 207 women were enrolled. Women with IDA who were admitted in an outpatient clinic of family medicine were asked to complete Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed before and after IDA treatments. Blood samples were obtained for measurements of hemoglobin, hematocrit, levels of serum iron, and iron-binding capacity.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Outcomes of blood samples were used for diagnosing of IDA. BAI, FSFI, and QoL scores were evaluated. Paired samples t-tests and Pearson correlation analyses were used to assess relationship between findings of IDA treatments and other parameters.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 33.6 ± 8.4 years. There were statistical significant differences between pre- and posttreatment in terms of hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum iron, and serum iron-binding capacity. BAI scores were decreased and FSFI scores, which were statistically significant, increased after IDA treatments (P < 0.001). However, QoL scores were developed without statistical significance.

CONCLUSION:

There is a risk for anxiety as well as FSD in IDA women of reproductive age. Treatment of IDA can significantly improve sexual functions and QoL in these women population in short term.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Factors Associated with Female Sexual Dysfunction; Iron Deficiency Anemia; Quality of Life; Sexual Dysfunction

PMID:
24754331
DOI:
10.1111/jsm.12454
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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