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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2014 Jul;58(7):1581-4. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201300871. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

A nondigestible saccharide, fructooligosaccharide, increases the promotive effect of a flavonoid, α-glucosyl-isoquercitrin, on glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) secretion in rat intestine and enteroendocrine cells.

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Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, Division of Applied Bioscience, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


This study conducted in vivo and in situ experiments with rats to investigate the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion in response to oral or ileal administration of α-glucosyl-isoquercitrin (20-40 mmol in 2 mL; Q3G), fructooligosaccharides (200 mmol in 2 mL; FOS) and Q3G + FOS. Direct effects on GLP-1-producing l-cells were also examined by an in vitro study using a murine enteroendocrine cell line, GLUTag. To evaluate the plasma GLP-1 level, blood samples from jugular cannula for in vivo and portal cannula for in situ experiments were obtained before and after administration of Q3G, FOS, or Q3G + FOS. We found tendencies for increases but transient stimulation of GLP-1 secretion by Q3G in in vivo and in situ experiments. Although FOS alone did not have any effects, Q3G + FOS enhanced and prolonged high plasma GLP-1 level in both experiments. In addition, application of Q3G on GLUTag cells stimulated GLP-1 secretion while FOS enhanced the effect of Q3G. Our results suggest that Q3G + FOS possess the potential for the management or prevention of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by enhancing and prolonging the GLP-1 secretion via direct stimulation of GLP-1 producing l-cell.


Fructooligosaccharides; Glucagon-like peptide-1; α-Glucosyl-isoquercitrin

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