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Magn Reson Med. 2015 Mar;73(3):1026-33. doi: 10.1002/mrm.25216. Epub 2014 Apr 17.

Noncontrast peripheral MRA with spiral echo train imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a spin echo train sequence with spiral readout gradients with improved artery-vein contrast for noncontrast angiography.

THEORY:

Venous T2 becomes shorter as the echo spacing is increased in echo train sequences, improving contrast. Spiral acquisitions, due to their data collection efficiency, facilitate long echo spacings without increasing scan times.

METHODS:

Bloch equation simulations were performed to determine optimal sequence parameters, and the sequence was applied in five volunteers. In two volunteers, the sequence was performed with a range of echo times and echo spacings to compare with the theoretical contrast behavior. A Cartesian version of the sequence was used to compare contrast appearance with the spiral sequence. Additionally, spiral parallel imaging was optionally used to improve image resolution.

RESULTS:

In vivo, artery-vein contrast properties followed the general shape predicted by simulations, and good results were obtained in all stations. Compared with a Cartesian implementation, the spiral sequence had superior artery-vein contrast, better spatial resolution (1.2 mm(2) versus 1.5 mm(2) ), and was acquired in less time (1.4 min versus 7.5 min).

CONCLUSION:

The spiral spin echo train sequence can be used for flow-independent angiography to generate three-dimensional angiograms of the periphery quickly and without the use of contrast agents.

KEYWORDS:

flow-independent angiography; noncontrast angiography; peripheral angiography

PMID:
24753164
PMCID:
PMC4294992
DOI:
10.1002/mrm.25216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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