Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Hippocampus. 2014 Aug;24(8):1006-16. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22286. Epub 2014 Apr 30.

Reassessing the effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors on hippocampal memory and cognitive aging.

Author information

1
Neurocognitive Aging Section, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland; Graduate Program in Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.

Abstract

Converging results link histone acetylation dynamics to hippocampus-dependent memory, including evidence that histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) administration enhances long-term memory. Previously, we demonstrated that aging disrupts the coordinated epigenetic response to recent experience observed in the young adult hippocampus. Here, we extended that work to test the cognitive effects of a novel, brain-penetrant HDACi (EVX001688; EVX) that we confirmed yields robust, relatively long lasting dose-dependent increases in histone acetylation in the hippocampus. In young rats, acute systemic EVX administration, scheduled to yield elevated histone acetylation levels during training in a contextual fear conditioning (CFC) task, had no effect on memory retention at 24 h at any dose examined (10, 30, or 60 mg/kg). Pretraining injection of another HDACi, sodium butyrate, also failed to affect fear memory, and CFC training itself had no influence on hippocampal histone acetylation at 1 hour in mice or two strains of rats. EVX administration before water maze training in young rats yielded a modest effect such that the middle dose produced marginally better 24-h retention than either the low or high dose, but only a small numerical benefit relative to vehicle. Guided by those findings, a final experiment tested the influence of pretraining EVX treatment on age-related spatial memory impairment. The results, revealing no effect on performance, are consistent with the idea that effective procognitive HDACi treatments in aging may require intervention aimed at restoring coordinated epigenetic regulation rather than bulk increases in hippocampal histone acetylation.

KEYWORDS:

aging; epigenetics; hippocampus; histone deacetylase inhibitor

PMID:
24753063
PMCID:
PMC4107104
DOI:
10.1002/hipo.22286
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center