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J Sci Food Agric. 2015 Jan;95(2):221-4. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6701. Epub 2014 May 21.

Selecting desirable micronutrient fortificants for plant-based complementary foods for infants and young children in low-income countries.

Author information

1
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, 9015, New Zealand.

Abstract

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that both breast-fed and non-breast-fed children are fed micronutrient fortified complementary foods designed to meet their high nutrient requirements from aged 6 to 23 months of age. This paper summarises the steps recommended by WHO/FAO to identify the country-specific micronutrient shortfalls in complementary diets and establish desirable levels of bioavailable fortificants for centrally processed plant-based complementary foods for infant and young child feeding. The goal of the WHO/FAO guidelines is to achieve a desirably low prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes in the target group whilst simultaneously ensuring minimal risk of excessive intakes.

KEYWORDS:

WHO guidelines; complementary foods; desirable fortificants; excessive intakes; inadequate intakes; nutrient gap

PMID:
24752372
DOI:
10.1002/jsfa.6701
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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