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Am J Prev Med. 2014 Jul;47(1):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.02.009. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Age-specific strategies for immunization reminders and recalls: a registry-based randomized trial.

Author information

1
Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: kjd@med.umich.edu.
2
Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
3
National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, the CDC, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although previous studies have found reminder/recall to be effective in increasing immunization rates, little guidance exists regarding the specific ages at which it is optimal to send reminder/recall notices.

PURPOSE:

To assess the relative effectiveness of centralized reminder/recall strategies targeting age-specific vaccination milestones among children in urban areas during June 2008-June 2009.

METHODS:

Three reminder/recall strategies used capabilities of the Michigan Care Improvement Registry (MCIR), a statewide immunization information system: a 7-month recall strategy, a 12-month reminder strategy, and a 19-month recall strategy. Eligible children were randomized to notification (intervention) or no notification groups (control). Primary study outcomes included MCIR-recorded immunization activity (administration of ≥1 new dose, entry of ≥1 historic dose, entry of immunization waiver) within 60 days following each notification cycle.

RESULTS:

A total of 10,175 children were included: 2,072 for the 7-month recall, 3,502 for the 12-month reminder, and 4,601 for the 19-month recall. Immunization activity was similar between notification versus no notification groups at both 7 and 12 months. Significantly more 19-month-old children in the recall group (26%) had immunization activity compared to their counterparts who did not receive a recall notification (19%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although recall notifications can positively affect immunization activity, the effect may vary by targeted age group. Many 7- and 12-month-olds had immunization activity following reminder/recall; however, levels of activity were similar irrespective of notification, suggesting that these groups were likely to receive medical care or immunization services without prompting.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01770496.

PMID:
24750973
DOI:
10.1016/j.amepre.2014.02.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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