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Carbohydr Polym. 2012 Jul 1;89(3):810-20. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.04.015. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

Role of vacuum steps added before and after steaming treatment of maize starch. Impact on pasting, morphological and rheological properties.

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LaSIE, FRE-CNRS 3474, La Rochelle University, Avenue Michel Crépeau, 17042 La Rochelle, France.
GEPEA, UMR CNRS 6144, ONIRIS, Rue de la Géraudière, 44322 Nantes, France.
INRA, UR1268 Biopolymères, Interactions, Assemblages, 44000 Nantes, France.


Standard maize starch (SMS) was hydrothermally treated by three processes; DV-HMT (Direct Vapor-Heat Moisture Treatment), RP-HMT (Reduced-Pressurized Heat Moisture Treatment) and DIC (in French: Détente Instantanée Contrôlée, instantaneous controlled pressure drop). Impact of processes were studied in order to determine the role of added steps of vacuum before and after treatment of starch by live steam at different pressures (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 bar) on morphological, pasting (Brabender) and rheological properties of SMS suspension. The three treatments tend to modify the physical properties of starch on the same way, but the extent of these modifications depends on the process and on the level presure applied. The intensity of modifications follows this order: DIC>RP-HMT>DV-HMT. This was attributed to the presence of the initial vacuum step (DIC and RP-HMT) which intensified the transfer phenomena and to the mechanical effect induced by the abrupt decompression towards vacuum (DIC) leading to weakness of starch granules. The treatments changed the shape and distribution size of granules. The sizes were shifted towards higher values after the treatment due both to the improvement of swelling capacity of granules and to the presence of agglomerates particles of different sizes as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The agglomerates glued together by gelatinized granules were favored by the direct contact of starch with steam during the treatments. The results showed for all treatments, a reduction of the consistency coefficient (k) and of the yield stress (τ0) of starch suspensions with increasing of process intensity. For severe conditions (3 bar), no difference between the treatments was observed; a complete fluidization of starch suspensions (the consistencies were too weak to be detected), τ0 vanished and the rheological behavior tended to a Newtonian type. Elastic modulus (G'), measured during gelation at 25°C, decreased dramatically (G'<1 Pa), that revealed the loss of rigidity and disappearance of granular integrity of starch.

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