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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2014 Jun;40(6):963-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2013.12.013. Epub 2014 Apr 17.

Intraindividual comparison of changes in corneal biomechanical parameters after femtosecond lenticule extraction and small-incision lenticule extraction.

Author information

1
From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kitasato School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan. Electronic address: kamiyak-tky@umin.ac.jp.
2
From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kitasato School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the biomechanical changes after femtosecond lenticule extraction and small-incision lenticule extraction for myopia.

SETTING:

Department of Ophthalmology, Kitasato University, Kanagawa, Japan.

DESIGN:

Comparative case series.

METHODS:

In eyes of consecutive patients, femtosecond lenticule extraction was performed in 1 eye and small-incision lenticule extraction in the other eye (both Visumax laser) by random assignment. Corneal hysteresis (CH) and the corneal resistance factor (CRF) were quantitatively assessed using a dynamic bidirectional applanation device (Ocular Response Analyzer) in relation to the amount of myopic correction preoperatively and 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively.

RESULTS:

This study comprised 48 eyes (24 patients). The decrease in CH and the CRF was statistically significant 1 week after both lenticule extraction procedures; however, the changes subsequently stabilized with no further deterioration (P<.001). There were no statistically significant differences between the biomechanical changes in the 2 procedures at any time; however, a significant correlation was found between the changes and the myopic correction 3 months after femtosecond lenticule extraction (r = 0.41, P=.046, CH; r = 0.41, P=.045, CRF) and after small-incision lenticule extraction (r = 0.62, P=.001, CH; r = 0.67, P<.001, CRF).

CONCLUSIONS:

The greatest changes in biomechanical parameters occurred within 1 week after femtosecond lenticule extraction and small-incision lenticule extraction; the changes were then nearly stable in relation to the amount of myopic correction. This suggests that the presence or absence of flap lifting does not significantly affect biomechanical parameters.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE:

No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

PMID:
24746381
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2013.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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