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Biol Sport. 2013 Sep;30(3):163-7. doi: 10.5604/20831862.1059168. Epub 2013 Jul 22.

The association of gene polymorphisms with athlete status in ukrainians.

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National University of Physical Education and Sports of Ukraine, Department of Sport Biology, Kiev, Ukraine.
Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Sector of Molecular Physiology, Kiev, Ukraine.
Volga Region State Academy of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism, Sport Technology Education Research Laboratory, Kazan, Russia.


Athletic performance is a polygenic trait influenced by both environmental and genetic factors.


To investigate individually and in combination the association of common gene polymorphisms with athlete status in Ukrainians.


A total of 210 elite Ukrainian athletes (100 endurance-oriented and 110 power-orientated athletes) and 326 controls were genotyped for ACE I/D, HIF1A Pro582Ser, NOS3 -786 T/C, PPARA intron 7 G/C, PPARG Pro12Ala and PPARGC1B Ala203Pro gene polymorphisms, most of which were previously reported to be associated with athlete status or related intermediate phenotypes in different populations.


Power-oriented athletes exhibited an increased frequency of the HIF1A Ser (16.1 vs. 9.4%, P = 0.034) and NOS3 T alleles (78.3 vs. 66.2%, P = 0.0019) in comparison with controls. Additionally, we found that the frequency of the PPARG Ala allele was significantly higher in power-oriented athletes compared with the endurance-oriented athletes (24.7 vs. 13.5%; P = 0.0076). Next, we determined the total genotype score (TGS, from the accumulated combination of the three polymorphisms, with a maximum value of 100 for the theoretically optimal polygenic score) in athletes and controls. The mean TGS was significantly higher in power-oriented athletes (39.1 ± 2.3 vs. 32.6 ± 1.5; P = 0.0142) than in controls.


We found that the HIF1A Ser, NOS3 T and PPARG Ala alleles were associated with power athlete status in Ukrainians.


athletic performance; gene polymorphisms; genetic markers; sport selection

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