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Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2014 Jun;19(3):194-202. doi: 10.3109/13625187.2014.903237. Epub 2014 Apr 17.

Long-acting reversible contraception for adolescents and young adults - a cross-sectional study of women and general practitioners in Oslo, Norway.

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* Sex & Samfunn Clinic , Oslo , Norway.



To investigate awareness and use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) in the Norwegian primary care sector.


We surveyed 359 women aged 16 to 23 years visiting a free sexual health clinic and 140 general practitioners (GPs) in Oslo, Norway, to assess contraceptive usage patterns, knowledge, opinions, and counselling content.


Eighty-two percent (n = 295) of the female respondents were current contraceptive users and of this group, 12% (n = 34) were LARC users. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs, 56%) and condoms (20%) were the methods most commonly used. Apart from those two, the women considered themselves insufficiently knowledgeable about other family planning modalities. Knowledge was an independent predictor of current LARC use (p < 0.001). Approximately 35% of GPs often discussed LARC methods when counselling but, due to a lack of implant insertion training, only a few frequently discussed implants during counselling (odds ratio [OR]: 0.12; p = 0.013). The main determinant for not mentioning intrauterine devices and the intrauterine system during counselling was nulliparity (OR: 0.2; p = 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively).


LARC use is low among 16 to 23-year-olds in Oslo, Norway. These young women need better contraceptive counselling. Dispelling misconceptions and improved provider training could encourage GPs to cover LARCs when giving contraceptive guidance.


Counselling; General practitioner; Implant; Intrauterine device; Intrauterine system; Long-acting reversible contraceptive

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