Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 2014 Jul;88(13):7367-78. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00554-14. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-encoded LANA can induce chromosomal instability through targeted degradation of the mitotic checkpoint kinase Bub1.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Tumor Virology Program, Abramson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
2
Department of Microbiology and Tumor Virology Program, Abramson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA erle@upenn.edu.

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has a significant contributory role in the development of three major human neoplastic or lymphoproliferative diseases: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). These diseases are associated with chromosomal instability, a hallmark of human cancer. The latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) encoded by KSHV plays a key role in regulating a number of cellular pathways critical for oncogenesis. KSHV LANA alone can induce the development of B-cell hyperplasia and lymphoma in mice expressing LANA. LANA also induces chromosomal instability, thus promoting oncogenesis. However, the precise mechanism underlying LANA-mediated chromosomal instability remains uncharted. Here we report that LANA promoted the induction of chromosomal instability and the formation of micronuclei and multinucleation through its interaction with one of the critical spindle checkpoint proteins, Bub1, and the resulting degradation of Bub1. This interaction occurs through the Knl and kinase domains of Bub1, identified as important for stability and degradation. These results suggest that LANA can dysregulate Bub1 activity, which leads to aberrant chromosome replication and aneuploidy, thus contributing to KSHV-mediated oncogenesis.

IMPORTANCE:

This work represents the first set of results identifying a novel mechanism by which LANA, a latency-associated antigen encoded by KSHV, can induce the degradation of Bub1, a spindle checkpoint protein that is important for spindle checkpoint signaling and chromosome segregation. The downregulation of Bub1 mediated by LANA resulted in chromosomal instability, a hallmark of cancer. We further investigated the specific domains of Bub1 that are required for the interaction between LANA and Bub1. The results demonstrated that the Knl and kinase domains of Bub1 are required for the interaction between LANA and Bub1. In addition, we also investigated the mechanism by which LANA promoted Bub1 degradation. Our results showed that LANA interacted physically with the anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C), thus promoting the degradation of Bub1 in a ubiquitin-dependent process.

PMID:
24741095
PMCID:
PMC4054434
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.00554-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center