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Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jul;42(7):1710-5. doi: 10.1177/0363546514530091. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

National High School Athlete Concussion Rates From 2005-2006 to 2011-2012.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA joseph.rosenthal@osumc.edu.
2
Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
3
Center for Injury Research and Policy, Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
4
Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High school athletes are at risk for concussions. Although a previously published study showed an increase in concussion rates for a single school district, it remains unknown if the rate of concussions among high school athletes is increasing nationally.

PURPOSE:

To investigate national high school athlete concussion rates over time.

STUDY DESIGN:

Descriptive epidemiologic study.

METHODS:

The rate of concussions per 1000 athlete-exposures was calculated for academic years 2005-2006 through 2011-2012 using the High School Reporting Information Online sports injury surveillance system.

RESULTS:

During the 7-year period of this study, High School Reporting Information Online captured 4024 concussions with overall concussion diagnosis rates increasing significantly from 0.23 to 0.51 (P = .004). Concussion diagnosis rates increased for each of the 9 sports studied, with 5 sports having statistically significant increases over this 7-year period.

CONCLUSION:

The study analysis indicates that national concussion diagnosis rates for high school sports have increased significantly over time.

KEYWORDS:

athlete; concussion; epidemiology; high school

PMID:
24739186
DOI:
10.1177/0363546514530091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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