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AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2014 May;28(5):228-39. doi: 10.1089/apc.2014.0033. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

Barriers to hepatitis C antiviral therapy in HIV/HCV co-infected patients in the United States: a review.

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1
UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Abstract

This review synthesized the literature for barriers to HCV antiviral treatment in persons with HIV/HCV co-infection. Searches of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Web of Science were conducted to identify relevant articles. Articles were excluded based on the following criteria: study conducted outside of the United States, not original research, pediatric study population, experimental study design, non-HIV or non-HCV study population, and article published in a language other than English. Sixteen studies met criteria and varied widely in terms of study setting and design. Hepatic decompensation was the most commonly documented absolute/nonmodifiable medical barrier. Substance use was widely reported as a relative/modifiable medical barrier. Patient-level barriers included nonadherence to medical care, refusal of therapy, and social circumstances. Provider-level barriers included provider inexperience with antiviral treatment and/or reluctance of providers to refer patients for treatment. There are many ongoing challenges that are unique to managing this patient population effectively. Documenting and evaluating these obstacles are critical steps to managing and caring for these individuals in the future. In order to improve uptake of HCV therapy in persons with HIV/HCV co-infection, it is essential that barriers, both new and ongoing, are addressed, otherwise, treatment is of little benefit.

PMID:
24738846
PMCID:
PMC4011402
DOI:
10.1089/apc.2014.0033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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