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FEMS Yeast Res. 2014 Aug;14(5):683-96. doi: 10.1111/1567-1364.12157. Epub 2014 May 8.

Glucose- and nitrogen sensing and regulatory mechanisms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Author information

1
Villum Center for Bioanalytical Sciences, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark.

Abstract

Pro- and eukaryotic cells are constantly challenged by varying concentrations of nutrients in their environment. Perceiving and adapting to such changes are therefore crucial for cellular viability. Thus, numerous specialized cellular receptors continuously sense and react to the availability of nutrients such as glucose and nitrogen. When stimulated, these receptors initiate various cellular signaling pathways, which in concert constitute a complex regulatory network. To ensure a highly specific response, these pathways and networks cross-communicate with each other and are regulated at several steps and by numerous different regulators. As numerous of these regulating proteins, biochemical mechanisms, and cellular pathways are evolutionary conserved, complex biochemical information relevant to humans can be obtained by studying simple organisms. Thus, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been recognized as a powerful model system to study fundamental biochemical processes. In the present review, we highlight central signaling pathways and molecular circuits conferring nitrogen- and glucose sensing in S. cerevisiae.

KEYWORDS:

Saccharomyces cerevisiae; glucose; nitrogen; nutrient sensing; starvation

PMID:
24738657
DOI:
10.1111/1567-1364.12157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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