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Biotechnol J. 2014 Jun;9(6):822-43. doi: 10.1002/biot.201400012. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

Biocatalytic reduction of carboxylic acids.

Author information

1
ACIB GmbH, Graz, Austria.

Abstract

An increasing demand for non-petroleum-based products is envisaged in the near future. Carboxylic acids such as citric acid, succinic acid, fatty acids, and many others are available in abundance from renewable resources and they could serve as economic precursors for bio-based products such as polymers, aldehyde building blocks, and alcohols. However, we are confronted with the problem that carboxylic acid reduction requires a high level of energy for activation due to the carboxylate's thermodynamic stability. Catalytic processes are scarce and often their chemoselectivity is insufficient. This review points at bio-alternatives: currently known enzyme classes and organisms that catalyze the reduction of carboxylic acids are summarized. Two totally distinct biocatalyst lines have evolved to catalyze the same reaction: aldehyde oxidoreductases from anaerobic bacteria and archea, and carboxylate reductases from aerobic sources such as bacteria, fungi, and plants. The majority of these enzymes remain to be identified and isolated from their natural background in order to evaluate their potential as industrial biocatalysts.

KEYWORDS:

Aldehyde; Aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase (NADP+); Carboxylate reductase; Carboxylic acid; α-Aminoadipate reductase

PMID:
24737783
DOI:
10.1002/biot.201400012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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