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Am J Ind Med. 2014 Jul;57(7):776-87. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22324. Epub 2014 Apr 15.

Lifetime and current pesticide exposure among Latino farmworkers in comparison to other Latino immigrants.

Author information

1
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Worker Health, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pesticide exposure poses a health risk for farmworkers. This analysis documents lifetime and current pesticide exposure of North Carolina Latino migrant farmworkers, with comparison to non-farmworker Latino immigrants.

METHODS:

During May to October 2012, 235 Latino farmworkers and 212 Latino non-farmworkers completed interviews with items to construct measures of lifetime, current residential and occupational pesticide exposure.

RESULTS:

Farmworkers experience levels of lifetime and residential pesticide exposure that are consistently greater than among non-farmworkers. Farmworkers report a large number of occupational pesticide exposures. Lifetime exposure and current residential pesticide exposure are related to social determinants. Education is inversely related to lifetime pesticide exposure for farmworkers and non-farmworkers; farmworkers with H-2A visas report greater residential pesticide exposure than those without H-2A visas.

CONCLUSIONS:

Occupational safety policy needs to consider these patterns of lifetime exposure when setting standards. Health care providers should be aware of the lifetime and current exposure of this vulnerable population.

KEYWORDS:

agriculture; minority health

PMID:
24737498
PMCID:
PMC4069227
DOI:
10.1002/ajim.22324
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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