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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2014 Aug;81(2):190-6. doi: 10.1111/cen.12466. Epub 2014 May 27.

Prevalence of hypocalcaemia and its associated features in 22q11·2 deletion syndrome.

Author information

1
Clinical Genetics Research Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a relatively common yet under-recognized genetic syndrome that may present with endocrine features. We aimed to address the factors that contribute to the high prevalence of hypocalcaemia.

METHODS:

We investigated hypocalcaemia in a well-characterized sample of 138 adults with 22q11.2DS (65 m, 73 F; mean age 34.2, SD 11.8, years) using laboratory studies and lifelong medical records. Logistic regression modelling was used to identify features associated with lifetime prevalence of hypocalcaemia.

RESULTS:

Of the total sample, 111 (80.4%) had a lifetime history of hypocalcaemia. Eleven (84.6%) of 13 subjects with neonatal hypocalcaemia had documented recurrence of hypocalcaemia. Lifetime history of hypocalcaemia was associated with lifetime prevalence of hypoparathyroidism (P < 0.0001) and hypothyroidism (P = 0.04), as statistically independent factors. Hypomagnesaemia was associated with concurrent hypocalcaemic measurements, especially in the presence of concurrent hypoparathyroidism (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that, in addition to the major effect of hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism may play a role in hypocalcaemia in 22q11.2DS and that there is a high recurrence rate of neonatal hypocalcaemia. Hypomagnesaemia may contribute to hypocalcaemia by further suppressing parathyroid hormone (PTH). Although further studies are needed, the findings support regular lifelong follow-up of calcium, magnesium, PTH and TSH levels in patients with 22q11.2DS. At any age, hypocalcaemia with hypoparathyroidism and/or hypothyroidism may suggest a diagnosis of 22q11.2DS.

PMID:
24735350
PMCID:
PMC4231257
DOI:
10.1111/cen.12466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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