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Hepat Mon. 2014 Mar 2;14(3):e15895. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.15895. eCollection 2014 Mar.

Mysterious Linkages Between Hepatitis C Virus Genotypes, Interleukin-28B Genotypes and Viral Clearance- A Meta-Analysis.

Author information

Molecular Immunology Research Center, Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Middle East Liver Disease Center, Tehran, IR Iran ; Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease (BRCGL), Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Middle East Liver Disease Center, Tehran, IR Iran ; Iran Hepatitis Network (IHN), Tehran, IR Iran.

Erratum in

  • Hepat Mon. 2014 Sep;14(9):e22648.



Recent genome wide association studies (GWAS) have shown important roles of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) near region of interleukin B 28 (IL28B) gene in spontaneous and drug-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in genotype 1 HCV infection.


This meta-analysis was designed to determine the world-wide distribution patterns of IL28B genotypes and alleles, and to find possible linkages between IL28B and HCV genotypes.


Manual and electronic databases were searched. Critical appraisal was performed. According to the results of heterogeneity tests, we used fix/random model for the analysis. The data concerning patients' ethnicity and HCV genotypes were analyzed by using statistical analysis software.


A total of 255 articles were found. After article review and quality assessment, 50 studies, including 18662 patients and 1313 healthy subjects, were analyzed. Presence of HCV genotype 3 versus genotype 1 was significantly associated with a higher frequency of CC genotype and C allele, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.44-1.99) and 1.49 (95% CI: 1.33-1.67), respectively. Prevalence of the rs12979860 CC genotype among genotype 1 HCV infected patients of Asian ethnicity was 69.48% (95% CI: 65.20-73.77), which was significantly higher than its prevalence [33.27% (95% CI: 28.88-37.67)] in the Caucasian genotype 1 HCV infected patients. Prevalence of rs12979860 TT genotype in the African-American genotype 1 HCV infected patients was the highest [36.20% (95% CI: 32.91-39.49)], and significantly different compared to all other ethnicities.


There were significant linkages between HCV genotypes and IL28B genotypes/alleles. Patients with a favorable IL28B and genotypes 1 and 4 HCV infection stand a better chance to clear HCV in the acute phase.


Genotype; Hepatitis C; IL28B Protein, Human; Meta-Analysis

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