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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Jul;49(7):955-60. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2014.66. Epub 2014 Apr 14.

A novel reduced-intensity umbilical cord blood transplantation using a recombinant G-CSF combined with high-dose Ara-C for active myeloid malignancies.

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Division of Hematology, The First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.


Non-remitting patients with hematologic myeloid malignancies have poor prognosis. To overcome this problem, we investigated the use of reduced-intensity preconditioning umbilical cord blood transplantation (RICBT) combined with recombinant G-CSF (rG-CSF) with high-dose Ara-C, fludarabine, melphalan, and 4 Gy of TBI in a phase I/II study in patients with non-remitting myeloid hematologic malignancies. Thirteen patients were enrolled, including 12 with non-remitting AML and one patient with blastic crisis CML (CML-BC). The patients' median age was 45 years, with a median comorbidity index of 4. All patients received 4/6 serological HLA-antigen matched unrelated umbilical cord blood. All patients were engrafted within 30 days after RICBT (median, 20 days; range, 14-29) and achieved complete remission without prior hematopoiesis. Common grade III non-hematologic toxicities included eight cases of transient mucositis (62%) and six cases of febrile neutropenia (46%). Transplant-related mortality was 7.7%. The 1-year overall survival was 28.6% in cases without post-RICBT treatment and 83.3% in cases with post-RICBT treatment. These data suggest that in active AML and CML-BC, the combination of rG-CSF with high-dose Ara-C and fludarabine/melphalan/4 Gy TBI with a reduced-intensity preconditioning regimen is well tolerated, secures engraftment and has significant anti-leukemia activity. In addition, performing post-RICBT treatment may provide high-quality long-term survival and remission.

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