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Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Mar;28(1):74-84. doi: 10.1037/a0034899.

The comparative effectiveness of individual and group brief motivational interventions for mandated college students.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine.
2
Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University.
3
Department of Public Health Sciences, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine.
4
University Health Services, Pennsylvania State University.
5
Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences Service, Providence VA Medical Center.

Abstract

Individual brief motivational intervention (iBMI) is an efficacious strategy to reduce heavy drinking by students who are mandated to receive an alcohol intervention following an alcohol-related event. However, despite the strong empirical support for iBMI, it is unknown if the results from rigorously controlled research on iBMI translate to real-world settings. Furthermore, many colleges lack the resources to provide iBMI to mandated students. Therefore, group-delivered BMI (gBMI) might be a cost-effective alternative that can be delivered to a large number of individuals. The purpose of this study was to conduct a comparative effectiveness evaluation of iBMI and gBMI as delivered by staff at a university health services center. Participants (N = 278) were college students who were mandated to receive an alcohol intervention following an alcohol-related incident. Participants were randomized to receive an individual (iBMI; n = 133) or a Group BMI (gBMI; n = 145). Results indicated that both iBMI and gBMI participants reduced their peak estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and the number of negative alcohol-related consequences at 1-, 3-, and 6-months postintervention. The iBMI and gBMI conditions were not significantly different at follow-up. These findings provide preliminary support for the use of iBMI and gBMIs for college students in real-world settings.

PMID:
24731111
PMCID:
PMC4062841
DOI:
10.1037/a0034899
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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