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J Clin Immunol. 2014 Jul;34 Suppl 1:S46-50. doi: 10.1007/s10875-014-0031-6. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Role of FcγRIIIA (CD16) in IVIg-mediated anti-inflammatory function.

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  • 1Inserm, U1149, Centre de Recherche sur l'Inflammation, Paris, France.

Abstract

The mechanism for anti-inflammatory action of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases involves IgG Fc receptors (FcγR). Although the inhibitory FcγRIIB plays an important role in IVIg action, FcγRIIIA has recently been identified as another major anti-inflammatory actor. Interaction of FcγRIIIA with uncomplexed IgG1 or IVIg, or with bivalent anti-FcγRIII F(ab')2 dampened calcium responses, ROS production, endocytosis and phagocytosis, induced by heterologous activating receptors. This inhibitory action required the inhibitory configuration of the ITAM motif (ITAMi) present within the FcγRIII-associated FcRγ subunit. This allowed SHP-1 recruitment and formation of intracellular inhibisome clusters containing FcγRIII and the targeted activating receptor. Therefore, IVIg functionally interact with FcγRIIIA inducing ITAMi signaling which can prevent development of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders independently of FcγRIIB. This new mechanism of action for IVIg reveals a therapeutic potential for FcγRIIIA targeting in inflammatory diseases.

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