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J Mol Biol. 2014 Jun 12;426(12):2379-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2014.04.002. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

A mutation in the catalytic loop of Hsp90 specifically impairs ATPase stimulation by Aha1p, but not Hch1p.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H7.
2
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H7.
3
Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H7. Electronic address: paul.lapointe@ualberta.ca.

Abstract

Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone that plays a central role in maintaining cellular homeostasis by facilitating activation of a large number of client proteins. ATP-dependent client activation by Hsp90 is tightly regulated by a host of co-chaperone proteins that control progression through the activation cycle. ATPase stimulation of Hsp90 by Aha1p requires a conserved RKxK motif that interacts with the catalytic loop of Hsp90. In this study, we explore the role of this RKxK motif in the biological and biochemical properties of Hch1p. We found that this motif is required for Hch1p-mediated ATPase stimulation in vitro, but mutations that block stimulation do not impair the action of Hch1p in vivo. This suggests that the biological function of Hch1p is not directly linked to ATPase stimulation. Moreover, a mutation in the catalytic loop of Hsp90 specifically impairs ATPase stimulation by Aha1p but not by Hch1p. Our work here suggests that both Hch1p and Aha1p regulate Hsp90 function through interaction with the catalytic loop but do so in different ways.

KEYWORDS:

Sti1p; chaperone; co-chaperone; enzyme; yeast

PMID:
24726918
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmb.2014.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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