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J Pediatr (Rio J). 2014 Jul-Aug;90(4):344-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2014.01.008. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Evaluation of the medication process in pediatric patients: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
P & A Kyriakoy General Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: dkoumpagioti@nurs.uoa.gr.
2
Attikon Hospital, Athens, Greece.
3
P & A Kyriakoy General Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece.
4
Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to meta-analyze studies that have assessed the medication errors rate in pediatric patients during prescribing, dispensing, and drug administration.

SOURCES:

searches were performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Trip databases, selecting articles published in English from 2001 to 2010.

SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS:

a total of 25 original studies that met inclusion criteria were selected, which referred to pediatric inpatients or pediatric patients in emergency departments aged 0-16 years, and assessed the frequency of medication errors in the stages of prescribing, dispensing, and drug administration.

CONCLUSIONS:

the combined medication error rate for prescribing errors to medication orders was 0.175 (95% Confidence Interval: [CI] 0.108-0.270), the rate of prescribing errors to total medication errors was 0.342 (95% CI: 0.146-0.611), that of dispensing errors to total medication errors was 0.065 (95% CI: 0.026-0.154), and that ofadministration errors to total medication errors was 0.316 (95% CI: 0.148-0.550). Furthermore, the combined medication error rate for administration errors to drug administrations was 0.209 (95% CI: 0.152-0.281). Medication errors constitute a reality in healthcare services. The medication process is significantly prone to errors, especially during prescription and drug administration. Implementation of medication error reduction strategies is required in order to increase the safety and quality of pediatric healthcare.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Crianças; Drug errors; Erros de medicamentos; Erros de medicação; Medication errors; Medication process; Meta-analysis; Meta-análise; Pacientes pediátricos; Pediatric patients; Processo de medicação

PMID:
24726455
DOI:
10.1016/j.jped.2014.01.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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