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Med Oncol. 2014 May;31(5):959. doi: 10.1007/s12032-014-0959-7. Epub 2014 Apr 11.

The impact of functional LIG4 polymorphism on platinum-based chemotherapy response and survival in non-small cell lung cancer.

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Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, 310022, Zhejiang, China.


DNA repair capacity is correlated with the sensitivity of cancer cells toward platinum-based chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA repair genes NBS1, LIG4, and RAD51 were correlated with tumor response in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in a Chinese population who received platinum-based chemotherapy. The treatment outcomes of 146 advanced NSCLC patients who were treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were evaluated. The polymorphic status of three SNPs was determined by genotyping via the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Forty-five patients in the group with the CC genotype (45/90) showed a good response to treatment, while only 18 patients in the CT+TT group (18/55) showed a good response, indicating a substantial differences in the chemotherapy response rate based on the LIG4 Thr9Ile polymorphism (P = 0.042). Patients with the GG genotype for the NSB1 Glu185Gln polymorphism were more sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy compared with patients with either the CG or CC genotype (P = 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis of all patients showed a significant association between the LIG4 Thr9Ile CC polymorphism and superior progression-free survival and overall survival (log-rank P = 0.045 and 0.031, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in survival based on the LIG4 Thr9Ile or the RAD51 135G>C polymorphisms. Polymorphisms in the NSB1 and LIG4 genes may be a predictive marker for treatment response and for advanced NSCLC patients in stage IIIB + IV. The CC genotype of the LIG4 Thr9Ile polymorphism may also serve as an independent prognosis factor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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