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Nat Rev Cancer. 2014 May;14(5):329-41. doi: 10.1038/nrc3720. Epub 2014 Apr 10.

IGF binding proteins in cancer: mechanistic and clinical insights.

Author information

1
Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales 2065, Australia.

Abstract

The six members of the family of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs) were originally characterized as passive reservoirs of circulating IGFs, but they are now understood to have many actions beyond their endocrine role in IGF transport. IGFBPs also function in the pericellular and intracellular compartments to regulate cell growth and survival - they interact with many proteins, in addition to their canonical ligands IGF-I and IGF-II. Intranuclear roles of IGFBPs in transcriptional regulation, induction of apoptosis and DNA damage repair point to their intimate involvement in tumour development, progression and resistance to treatment. Tissue or circulating IGFBPs might also be useful as prognostic biomarkers.

PMID:
24722429
DOI:
10.1038/nrc3720
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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