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Cell. 1989 Jun 30;57(7):1109-22.

Phospholipase C-gamma is a substrate for the PDGF and EGF receptor protein-tyrosine kinases in vivo and in vitro.

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Molecular Biology and Virology Laboratory, Salk Institute, San Diego, California 92138.


Phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) was rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosines and serines following PDGF and EGF treatment of quiescent 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and A431 human epidermoid cells, respectively, PDGF treatment increased PLC-gamma phosphorylation within 30 sec. This lasted for up to 1 hr, and occurred at high stoichiometry. Continuous receptor occupancy was required to maintain this phosphorylation. Three major sites of tyrosine phosphorylation were detected in PLC-gamma, two of which were phosphorylated in EGF-treated A431 cells. Under certain conditions PDGF receptor coimmunoprecipitated with PLC-gamma, suggesting that PDGF receptor can phosphorylate PLC-gamma directly. Indeed, purified PDGF or EGF receptor phosphorylated purified PLC-gamma on tyrosines identical to those phosphorylated in vivo. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC-gamma was not induced by bombesin, TPA, or insulin. Stimulation of PLC-gamma tyrosine phosphorylation and the reported ability of PDGF and EGF to induce phosphatidylinositol turnover in different cells were strongly correlated. We propose that tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC-gamma by PDGF and EGF receptors leads to its activation, and a consequent increase in phosphatidylinositol turnover.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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