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Gastrointest Endosc. 2014 Jun;79(6):990-5. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.02.015. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

A newly designed fully covered metal stent for lumen apposition in EUS-guided drainage and access: a feasibility study (with videos).

Author information

  • 1Digestive Disease Center and Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, SoonChunHyang University School of Medicine, Bucheon/Seoul, South Korea.
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.
  • 3Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
  • 4Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A lumen-apposing stent can be used effectively under endosonographic guidance.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate a newly designed, fully covered self-expandable metal stent with folding anchoring flanges for lumen apposition assembled on a conventional delivery system.

DESIGN:

Retrospective case series and animal study.

SETTING:

Tertiary care academic medical centers.

SUBJECTS:

Six pigs for animal study and 7 patients, 3 of whom underwent endoscopic drainage for acute cholecystitis (AC) and 4 for pancreatic fluid collection (PFC).

INTERVENTION:

Stent deployment under EUS guidance after puncturing, passage of an endoscope through the stent into the gallbladder (GB), or PFC with conventional endoscopic procedures.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Technical and clinical success, adverse events, and removability.

RESULTS:

In the animal study, the stent was successfully inserted and deployed in the GB via a transgastric approach under EUS guidance without adverse events in all 6 pigs. Contrast injection demonstrated the absence of leakage. Cholecystoscopy with enhanced endoscopy was performed successfully in all animals after stent placement. All stents were intact and were removed successfully at 4 weeks. GB firmly adhered to the stomach with an intact cholecystogastric tract on necropsy and histopathology. The stents were successfully deployed without adverse effects in 7 patients. AC or PFC was resolved after stent placement in all patients. Endoscopic procedures were possible through the stent. Stent migration was not observed. The stent was successfully removed from the 4 patients with PFC after complete resolution.

LIMITATIONS:

Small sample size, retrospective study.

CONCLUSIONS:

Transenteric drainage and endoscopic intervention by using a novel fully covered self-expandable metal stent for lumen apposition under EUS guidance is feasible for the management of AC and PFC. Further study is warranted.

PMID:
24721518
DOI:
10.1016/j.gie.2014.02.015
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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