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Environ Pollut. 2014 Jul;190:43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.018. Epub 2014 Apr 11.

Paddy field--a natural sequential anaerobic-aerobic bioreactor for polychlorinated biphenyls transformation.

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.
2
Center for Biomedicine and Health, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China.
3
Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address: xianjin@zju.edu.cn.
4
The Academy of Water Science and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.
5
Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; The Academy of Water Science and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Abstract

The environmental pollution and health risks caused by the improper disposal of electric and electronic waste (e-waste) have become urgent issues for the developing countries. One of the typical pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), is commonly found in farmland in Taizhou, a major hotspot of e-waste recycling in China. This study investigated the amount of PCB residue in local farmlands. Biotransformation of PCBs was further studied under different water management conditions in paddy field with or without rice cultivation, with a special focus on the alternating flooded and drying processes. It was found that paddy field improved the attenuation of PCBs, especially for highly chlorinated congeners. In the microcosm experiment, 40% or more of the initial total PCBs was removed after sequential flood-drying treatments, compared to less than 10% in the sterilized control and 20% in the constant-drying system. Variation in the quantity of PCBs degrading and dechlorinating bacterial groups were closely related to the alteration of anaerobic-aerobic conditions. These results suggested that alternating anoxic-oxic environment in paddy field led to the sequential aerobic-anaerobic transformation of PCBs, which provided a favorable environment for natural PCB attenuation.

KEYWORDS:

Bio-dechlorination; Biodegradation; E-waste; Paddy field; Sequential

PMID:
24721413
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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