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Epidemiol Infect. 2014 Jun;142(6):1119-37. doi: 10.1017/S0950268814000016.

Association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis.

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The Whiteley-Martin Research Centre, Discipline of Surgery, The University of Sydney, Nepean Hospital, Penrith, NSW, Australia.



The oncogenic potential of human papillomaviruses (HPV) is well known in the context of cervical carcinoma; however, their role in the development of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is less clear. We aimed to determine the extent of the association between HPV infection and OSCC. A comprehensive literature search found 132 studies addressing HPV and OSCC in human cases, and a meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model. There was evidence of an increased risk of OSCC in patients with HPV infection [odds ratio (OR) 2·69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2·05-3·54]. The prevalence of HPV in OSCC was found to be 24·8%. There was an increased risk associated with HPV-16 infection (OR 2·35, 95% CI 1·73-3·19). Subgroup analyses showed geographical variance, with Asia (OR 2·94, 95% CI 2·16-4·00), and particularly China (OR 2·85, 95% CI 2·05-3·96) being high-risk areas. Our results confirm an increase in HPV infection in OSCC cases.

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