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Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2014 Aug;18(4):436-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Apr 8.

Having a sibling as donor: patients' experiences immediately before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Haematology, Skåne University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden; Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, S-205 06 Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address: annika.kisch@mah.se.
2
Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, S-205 06 Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address: ingrid.bolmsjo@mah.se.
3
Department of Haematology, Skåne University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: stig.lenhoff@skane.se.
4
Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, S-205 06 Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address: mariette.bengtsson@mah.se.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers a potential cure for a variety of diseases but is also associated with significant risks. With HSCT the donor is either a relative, most often a sibling, or an unrelated registry donor.

PURPOSE:

The aim was to explore patients' experiences, immediately before transplantation, regarding having a sibling as donor.

METHOD:

Ten adult patients with sibling donors were interviewed before admission for HSCT. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim and subjected to qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS:

The main theme Being in no man's land is a metaphor for the patients' complex situation with its mixture of emotions and thoughts prior to transplantation. The three subthemes Trust in the sibling donor, Concern about others and Loss of control cover the various experiences. The patient's experiences are influenced by their personal situation and the quality of the relationship with the sibling donor. While patients feel secure in having a sibling donor, they are dependent for their survival on the cell donation and feel responsible for the donor's safety during donation. These emotions intensify the patients' sense of dependency and loss of control.

CONCLUSIONS:

In caring for HSCT patients the nurses should be aware of the complexity of the patients' situation and keep in mind that having a sibling donor might imply extra pressure, including a sense of responsibility. Caring for both patients and sibling donors optimally is a challenge, which needs further improvement and exploration.

KEYWORDS:

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation; Patients' experiences; Qualitative content analysis; Sibling donor

PMID:
24721180
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejon.2014.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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