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Instr Course Lect. 2014;63:187-97.

Maximizing function and outcomes in acetabular reconstruction: segmental bony defects and pelvic discontinuity.

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Resident, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois.


Acetabular reconstruction in revision total hip arthroplasty can be complicated by acetabular bone loss. In patients with severe acetabular bone deficiency with segmental bone defects or pelvic discontinuity, obtaining a stable, well-fixed acetabular component can be challenging. Although porous-coated, uncemented hemispheric cups can be used in most acetabular revisions, as the severity of acetabular deficiency increases, more complex alternatives are needed. Antiprotrusio cages have traditionally been used in the presence of acetabular columnar deficits, but higher failure rates and complications necessitated the development of alternative treatments. More recently, porous-coated acetabular augments have become an attractive alternative to structural allograft and oblong components when segmental bone loss is present. In the setting of severe bone loss or pelvic discontinuity, multiple reconstructive options are available. Depending on individual patient characteristics, plating of the pelvic discontinuity along with structural allografts, custom components, and modular or standard reconstructive cages can be used to obtain a stable acetabular component.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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