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Lab Med. 2014 Winter;45(1):52-5.

Small cell carcinoma of the cervix at 32-week gestation: a case report and review of the literature.


Small cell carcinoma of the cervix (SCCC) in late pregnancy is extremely rare and often misdiagnosed. We describe a case report of a patient who was diagnosed with SCCC at 32 weeks of gestation. During Cesarean section, a radical hysterectomy was performed; the uterus and cervical stroma were excised, the pelvic lymph node was bilaterally dissected, and the para-aortic lymph node was biopsied. During the surgery, a metastatic mass measuring 3 x 2.5 x 2.5 cm in size was found in the left cervical stroma with enlarged obturator lymph nodes. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with stage IIa cervical cancer. The efficacy of radiotherapy and chemotherapy was poor due to the very late stage of the SCCC and the patient died from metastatic disease. Therefore, we suggest that cervical liquid-based cytology, in combination with immunocytochemical and molecular analyses, should be performed for the early detection of SCCC when abnormal vaginal bleeding is present during pregnancy.

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