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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 May;39(5):1308-13. doi: 10.1002/jmri.24283. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

High resolution in vivo characterization of apparent diffusion coefficient at the tumor-stromal boundary of breast carcinomas: a pilot study to assess treatment response using proximity-dependent diffusion-weighted imaging.

Author information

1
The UC Berkeley - UCSF Graduate Program in Bioengineering, San Francisco and Berkeley, California, USA; Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, UCSF, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate diffusion changes in the breast tumor-stromal boundary and adjacent tissue in response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy using high resolution diffusion-weighted imaging (HR-DWI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Seven patients with invasive breast cancer were imaged with HR-DWI before and early during treatment. The mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was plotted in 1-mm increments around the tumor boundary. Early change in ADC was measured for tumor, tumor boundary, and stromal regions, and the relationship to treatment response was evaluated using Spearman's correlation.

RESULTS:

Statistically significant correlations between treatment response and early changes in ADC were found for: (i) whole tumor (ρ = 0.93, 95% confidence interval [CI] = (0.58, 0.99), P = 0.003); (ii) tumor rim (ρ = 0.75, 95% CI = (-0.007, 0.96), P = 0.05); and (iii) boundary transition region (ρ = 0.86, 95% CI = (0.29, 0.98), P = 0.01). Early change in ADC of distal stroma had a marginally statistically significant positive correlation to treatment response (ρ = 0.71, 95% CI = (-0.084, 0.95), P = 0.07).

CONCLUSION:

Proximity-dependent evaluation of HR-DWI data in the breast tumor-stromal boundary and adjacent tissue may provide information about response to therapy.

KEYWORDS:

DWI; MRI; breast cancer; neoadjuvant chemotherapy

PMID:
24719242
PMCID:
PMC3983569
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.24283
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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