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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1989 Mar;13(3):405-11.

Effects of alinidine on metabolic response to high-demand myocardial ischemia.

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Cardiac Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology Unit, University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.


Alinidine is a new bradycardic agent that interferes with ion channels and the if pacemaker current. To determine if alinidine had antiischemic effects unrelated to its bradycardic action, myocardial metabolism was studied during a pacing-stress test in 20 patients with coronary artery disease and angina pectoris, before and after intravenous infusion of alinidine (10 mg, n = 10; 50 mg, n = 10). When compared to the control pacing-stress test, the low dose of alinidine had no significant effect on aortic pressure, coronary sinus flow (-3%, NS), myocardial oxygen extraction, or myocardial lactate uptake. After the high dose of alinidine, aortic pressure and coronary sinus flow remained unchanged but the arteriocoronary sinus difference in oxygen content increased (12.2 +/- 1.3 to 12.7 +/- 1.4 ml/100 ml; p less than 0.0002) above the values observed during the control pacing-stress test, while both the chemical lactate extraction fraction (-19 +/- 30 to 15 +/- 21%; p less than 0.025) and the L-[1-14C]lactate extraction fraction increased. Accordingly, the net myocardial lactate uptake (corrected for production) had increased from 14 +/- 32 during the control pacing-stress test to 29 +/- 24 mumol/min during the pacing repeated after the high dose of alinidine (p less than 0.05). After the high dose of alinidine, the free fatty acid uptake also rose slightly (+23%; NS) and the alanine production was reduced in 7 of 10 patients (-3.6 +/- 1.7 to -1.4 +/- 0.6 mumol/min; NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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