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Water Sci Technol. 2014;69(7):1373-85. doi: 10.2166/wst.2014.057.

Instrumentation, control and automation in wastewater--from London 1973 to Narbonne 2013.

Author information

1
Lund University, Sweden E-mail: gustaf.olsson@iea.lth.se.
2
Uppsala University, Sweden.
3
University of Girona, Spain.
4
Primodal Inc., Ontario, Canada.
5
Technical University of Denmark (DTU).
6
Grundfos, Denmark.
7
Pusan National University, Korea.
8
inCTRL Solutions Inc., Ontario, Canada.
9
Catalan Inst. for Water Research (ICRA), Girona, and University of Girona, Spain.
10
INRA, UR050, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l'Environnement, Narbonne, France.
11
Dynamita, Bordeaux, France.
12
modelEAU, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada.
13
Instituto de Ingeniería, UNAM, Mexico.
14
AWMC, University of Queensland, Australia.
15
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Key developments of instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) applications in wastewater systems during the past 40 years are highlighted in this paper. From the first ICA conference in 1973 through to today there has been a tremendous increase in the understanding of the processes, instrumentation, computer systems and control theory. However, many developments have not been addressed here, such as sewer control, drinking water treatment and water distribution control. It is hoped that this review can stimulate new attempts to more effectively apply control and automation in water systems in the coming years.

PMID:
24718326
DOI:
10.2166/wst.2014.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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