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Biomark Med. 2014;8(3):353-68. doi: 10.2217/bmm.14.15.

γ-band abnormalities as markers of autism spectrum disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Campus Delivery 1876, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Abstract

Autism is a behaviorally diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorder with no current biomarkers with high specificity and sensitivity. γ-band abnormalities have been reported in many studies of autism spectrum disorders. γ-band activity is associated with perceptual and cognitive functions that are compromised in autism. Some γ-band deficits have also been seen in unaffected first-degree relatives, suggesting heritability of these findings. This review covers the published literature on γ abnormalities in autism, the proposed mechanisms underlying the deficits and the potential for translation into new treatments. Although the utility of γ-band metrics as diagnostic biomarkers is currently limited, such changes in autism are also useful as endophenotypes, for evaluating potential neural mechanisms, and for use as surrogate markers of treatment response to interventions.

PMID:
24712425
PMCID:
PMC4105225
DOI:
10.2217/bmm.14.15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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