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Int J Biomed Sci. 2013 Dec;9(4):185-93.

Conformational Changes of Congenital FVII Variants with Defective Binding to Tissue Factor ARG304GLN (FVII Padua), ARG 304TRP (FVII Nagoya) and ARG79GLN (FVII Shinjo or Tondabayashi).

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Padua, Italy; ; CRS4 - Biomedicine Sector, Cagliari, Italy.
2
Department of Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Italy;
3
CRS4 - Biomedicine Sector, Cagliari, Italy.
4
Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Padua, Italy;

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The relation between Factor VII (FVII) and tissue thromboplastin is not completely clarified, yet. Three FVII abnormalities, FVII Padua (Arg304Gln), FVII Nagoya (Arg304Trp) and FVII Shinjo or Tondabayshi (Arg79Gln) show different FVII activity according to the tissue Tissue Factor (TF) used in the assay system (rabbit brain, human placenta or human recombinant and ox brain).

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the possible existence of common conformational changes with regard to different tissue factors in these three FVII variants.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Crystal structure analysis and "visual inspection" of FVII were deeply performed to select a crystallographic template for the in silico mutagenesis procedure of FVII Arg79Gln, Arg304Gln and Arg304Trp.100ns 300K NVT large-scale molecular dynamics simulation on GPU were applied to the models of FVII. The aims of this run was to describe at molecular level the influence of the mutation on the protein structure and function.

RESULTS:

The molecular modelling of those three variants has shown common features in spite of the different location of the mutation involved (the first epidermal growth factor for the Arg79Gln and the catalytic region for the Arg304Gln or Arg304Trp). Molecular dynamics studies have shown in fact that the mutant FVII, shows a decreased flexibility or freezing of the protein conformation of FVIIa with regard to TF. This results in the formation of a defective FVIIa-TF complex that justifies the different clotting results observed in these variants according to the TF used.

CONCLUSIONS:

The conformational studies may supply useful information on the structure- function relation of clotting factors.

KEYWORDS:

Factor VII deficiency; Tissue Factor and Thromboplastins; molecular conformation

PMID:
24711753
PMCID:
PMC3884787

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