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Clin EEG Neurosci. 2015 Apr;46(2):73-80. doi: 10.1177/1550059413520442. Epub 2014 Apr 7.

QEEG Theta Cordance in the Prediction of Treatment Outcome to Prefrontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation or Venlafaxine ER in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder.

Author information

1
Prague Psychiatric Center and National Institute of Mental Health, Prague, Czech Republic The Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology of Third Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic bares@pcp.lf3.cuni.cz.
2
Prague Psychiatric Center and National Institute of Mental Health, Prague, Czech Republic The Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology of Third Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abstract

The aims of this double-blind study were to assess and compare the efficacy of quantitative electroencephalographic (QEEG) prefrontal theta band cordance in the prediction of response to 4-week, right, prefrontal, 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) or venlafaxine ER in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Prefrontal QEEG cordance values of 50 inpatients (25 subjects in each group) completing 4 weeks of the study were obtained at baseline and after 1 week of treatment. Depressive symptoms were assessed using Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at baseline and at week 1 and 4. Treatment response was defined as a ≥50% reduction in baseline MADRS total score. All responders (n = 9) and 6 of 16 nonresponders in the rTMS group had reduced cordance at week 1 (P < .01). Reduction of theta cordance value at week 1 was detected in all responders (n = 10) to venlafaxine ER, but only in 4 of 15 nonresponders (P = .005). The comparison of the areas under the curve of cordance change for prediction of response between rTMS (0.75) and venlafaxine ER (0.89) treated groups yielded no significant difference (P = .27). Our study indicates that prefrontal QEEG cordance is a promising tool not only for predicting the response to certain antidepressants but also to rTMS treatment, with comparable predictive efficacy for both therapeutic interventions.

KEYWORDS:

major depressive disorder; prediction; quantitative electroencephalographic cordance; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; venlafaxine ER

PMID:
24711613
DOI:
10.1177/1550059413520442
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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