Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Hear Res. 2014 May;311:72-88. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2014.03.008. Epub 2014 Apr 4.

Photons and neurons.

Author information

1
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, 303 E. Chicago Ave, Searle 12-561, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Tech E310, Evanston, IL 60208, USA; The Hugh Knowles Center, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. Electronic address: cri529@northwestern.edu.
2
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, 303 E. Chicago Ave, Searle 12-561, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

Methods to control neural activity by light have been introduced to the field of neuroscience. During the last decade, several techniques have been established, including optogenetics, thermogenetics, and infrared neural stimulation. The techniques allow investigators to turn-on or turn-off neural activity. This review is an attempt to show the importance of the techniques for the auditory field and provide insight in the similarities, overlap, and differences of the techniques. Discussing the mechanism of each of the techniques will shed light on the abilities and challenges for each of the techniques. The field has been grown tremendously and a review cannot be complete. However, efforts are made to summarize the important points and to refer the reader to excellent papers and reviews to specific topics. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled <Annual Reviews 2014>.

PMID:
24709273
PMCID:
PMC4144413
DOI:
10.1016/j.heares.2014.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center