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J Biol Chem. 1989 May 15;264(14):7826-30.

Cyclosporin A is a potent inhibitor of the inner membrane permeability transition in liver mitochondria.

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1
Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin 55912.

Abstract

The immunosuppressive peptide cyclosporin A is a powerful inhibitor of the Ca2+-dependent permeability transition in rat liver mitochondria. When swelling is used to monitor the transition, the inhibitor is effective regardless of whether N-ethylmaleimide, Hg2+, WY-14643, t-butyl hydroperoxide, oxalacetate, rhein, phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, or ruthenium red plus uncoupler is used as the inducing agent. Twenty-five to fifty pmol/mg protein of cyclosporin A reduces the swelling response by 50% with complete inhibition obtained at about 150 pmol/mg protein. The compound, which does not inhibit Ca2+ uptake or mitochondrial phospholipase A2, is effective when added before or after the transition promoting agent. These findings, together with the shape of the inhibition dose-response curve, suggest that cyclosporin A essentially titrates a mitochondrial component which is present at 80-90 pmol/mg protein. It is proposed that this component is a solute unselective, regulated pore or a factor involved in controlling such a structure.

PMID:
2470734
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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