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Case Rep Nephrol Urol. 2014 Mar 6;4(1):31-6. doi: 10.1159/000360523. eCollection 2014 Jan.

IgA Nephropathy with Pathologic Features of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis following Burn Injury.

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1
Department of Nephrology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Abstract

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, accounting for approximately 30-40% of patients undergoing renal biopsy in Asia. The characteristic and diagnostic lesion of IgAN is the deposition of glomerular IgA. The morphological lesions observed by light microscopy are extremely variable. A causal relationship between IgAN and burn injury has not been established, and the correlation between them is not clear if they appear at the same time. We have explored the cause of severe proteinuria of a Chinese patient with burns of 2nd or 3rd degree after a gas leakage accident 2 weeks ago. The diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis of this patient revealed type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like symptoms. Moreover, this patient showed a sensitive response to prednisone. This case report demonstrates the intrinsic relationship between kidney disease and burn injury, which will facilitate a feasible treatment strategy for proteinuria after burn injury.

KEYWORDS:

Burn injury; IgA nephropathy; Nephrotic syndrome

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