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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 8;111(14):5313-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1323426111. Epub 2014 Mar 24.

Extended lifespan and reduced adiposity in mice lacking the FAT10 gene.

Author information

1
Departments of Genetics, Pediatrics, Pathology, and Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520.

Abstract

The HLA-F adjacent transcript 10 (FAT10) is a member of the ubiquitin-like gene family that alters protein function/stability through covalent ligation. Although FAT10 is induced by inflammatory mediators and implicated in immunity, the physiological functions of FAT10 are poorly defined. We report the discovery that FAT10 regulates lifespan through pleiotropic actions on metabolism and inflammation. Median and overall lifespan are increased 20% in FAT10ko mice, coincident with elevated metabolic rate, preferential use of fat as fuel, and dramatically reduced adiposity. This phenotype is associated with metabolic reprogramming of skeletal muscle (i.e., increased AMP kinase activity, β-oxidation and -uncoupling, and decreased triglyceride content). Moreover, knockout mice have reduced circulating glucose and insulin levels and enhanced insulin sensitivity in metabolic tissues, consistent with elevated IL-10 in skeletal muscle and serum. These observations suggest novel roles of FAT10 in immune metabolic regulation that impact aging and chronic disease.

KEYWORDS:

longevity; mammals; obesity

PMID:
24706839
PMCID:
PMC3986194
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1323426111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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