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Cell. 1989 May 19;57(4):585-97.

Interaction of tRNA with 23S rRNA in the ribosomal A, P, and E sites.

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Thimann Laboratories, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064.


Three sets of conserved nucleotides in 23 rRNA are protected from chemical probes by binding of tRNA to the ribosomal A, P, and E sites, respectively. They are located almost exclusively in domain V, primarily in or adjacent to the loop identified with the peptidyl transferase function. Some of these sites are also protected by antibiotics such as chloramphenicol, which could explain how these drugs interfere with protein synthesis. Certain tRNA-dependent protections are abolished when the 3'-terminal A or CA or 2',3'-linked acyl group is removed, providing direct evidence for the interaction of the conserved CCA terminus of tRNA with 23S rRNA. When the EF-Tu.GTP.aminoacyl-tRNA ternary complex is bound to the ribosome, no tRNA-dependent A site protections are detected in 23S rRNA until EF-Tu is released. Thus, EF-Tu prevents interaction of the 3' terminus of the incoming aminoacyl-tRNA with the peptidyl transferase region of the ribosome during anticodon selection, thereby permitting translational proofreading.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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