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Infect Genet Evol. 2014 Jun;24:183-6. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.03.026. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

The genome of an influenza virus from a pilot whale: relation to influenza viruses of gulls and marine mammals.

Author information

1
Genome Research, Fritz Lipmann Institute, Leibniz Institute of Age Research, Beutenbergstr. 11, D-07745 Jena, Germany.
2
Department of Virology and Antiviral Therapy, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University, Hans-Knoell-Str. 2, D-07745 Jena, Germany.
3
Institute of Medical Virology, Justus Liebig University, Schubertstrasse 81, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
4
Institute for Infection Medicine, Christian Albrecht University of Kiel and University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Brunswiker Str. 4, D-24105 Kiel, Germany.
5
Department of Virology and Antiviral Therapy, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University, Hans-Knoell-Str. 2, D-07745 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de.

Abstract

Influenza virus A/whale/Maine/328B/1984 (H13N2) was isolated from a diseased pilot whale. Since only a partial sequence was available, its complete genome was sequenced and compared to the sequences of subtype H13 influenza viruses from shorebirds and various influenza viruses of marine mammals. The data reveal a rare genotype constellation with all gene segments derived of an influenza virus adapted to gulls, terns and waders. In contrast, the phylogenetic trees indicate that the majority of influenza viruses isolated from marine mammals derived from influenza viruses adapted to geese and ducks. We conclude that A/whale/Maine/328B/1984 is the first record of an infection of a marine mammal from a gull-origin influenza virus.

KEYWORDS:

Avian influenza virus; Influenza virus ecology; Pinnipeds; Whale

PMID:
24704761
DOI:
10.1016/j.meegid.2014.03.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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