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Front Neuroendocrinol. 2014 Oct;35(4):459-72. doi: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2014.03.007. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Neuroendocrinology of childbirth and mother-child attachment: the basis of an etiopathogenic model of perinatal neurobiological disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Autonomous University of Madrid, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.
3
Unidad Docente de Salud Mental de la Región de Murcia, Hospital General Universitario Santa María del Rosell de Cartagena, Murcia, Spain.
4
Instituto Cajal, CSIC, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: lmgs@cajal.csic.es.
5
Instituto Cajal, CSIC, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

This review focuses on the neuroendocrine mechanisms in the mother and the newborn that are involved in the generation and consolidation of mother-child attachment. The role that different hormones and neurotransmitters play on the regulation of these mechanisms during parturition, the immediate postpartum period and lactation is discussed. Interferences in the initiation of mother-child attachment may have potential long-term effects for the behavior and affection of the newborn. Therefore, the possible consequences of alterations in the physiological neuroendocrine mechanisms of attachment, caused by elective Cesarean section, intrapartum hormonal manipulations, preterm delivery, mother-infant postpartum separation and bottle-feeding instead of breastfeeding are also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Autism; Cesarean section; Childbirth; Maternal behavior; Mother–child attachment; Noradrenaline; Oxytocin; Progesterone; Prolactin; Vasopressin

PMID:
24704390
DOI:
10.1016/j.yfrne.2014.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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